نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد، گروه اقتصاد، واحد دهاقان ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، دهاقان ، ایران
2 دانشیار اقتصاد بین الملل ، گروه مدیریت، واحد مبارکه ،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، مبارکه، ایران
3 دانشیار گروه علوم اقتصادی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران
4 استادیار ، گروه مدیریت و اقتصاد ، واحد دهاقان،دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی ، دهاقان ، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
During the last two decades, with the increase in international exchange of goods and services, a number of environmental problems, including climate change and global pollution, have increased significantly. In the effort to reduce pollution and green economy, the importance of trade in environmental goods and services has come to the forefront of global negotiations. Many developing and developed countries have taken measures for institutional development, especially in the field of international trade of environmental goods. Investigating the importance and impact of institutional factors the export of environmental goods in developing and developed countries in the framework of the gravity model is one of the main goals of this article. Institutional factors include the variable of strict environmental regulations, the rule of law and improving the quality regulations. To estimate the model, the panel data for the years 1996-2021, a sample of 129 developing countries and 41 developed countries, using the least squares method with fixed effect.
The results show that strict environmental policies and the rule law and the quality of regulations encourage the export of environmental goods in developed countries, but this result is not true for developing countries. While the aforementioned institutional factors are known to be the main driver of the export of environmental goods for the export purposes of the group of countries under study. Therefore, the global effort to improve the standard and effective environmental policy framework and improve the quality of regulations and governance is considered useful for the export of environmental goods.