عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Iron and steel industry is considered among those industries which are very costly and require advanced and high technology. The development of this industry in the economy of every country, is able to make progress in other related industries. In this research the state support is calculated according to tariff in Mobarakeh steel Company, Zobahan and Khuzestan steel which have more than 70 percent of the country’s manufacturing industry. For this purpose, comparative advantage and supportive indices have been analyzed using policy analysis matrix technique for 1390, 1391, 1392 and 1393. The findings of this research, based on indices of nominal protection of the products, suggest that all products of Mobarakeh steel except slab in 1390, Khuzestan steel except slab in 1393 and all the products of Zobahan were supported in 4 years. Indices of nominal protection of the inputs shows that there have been no support of tradable inputs used in producing the products of the three companies. Indices of effective support states that Zobahan coil product and coated of Mobarakeh steel in 1390, and all the products of Mobarakeh steel and Zobahan in 1391,1392,1393 except coil and rebar in 1391 have been supported. Also all the products of Khuzestan steel in 4 years except slab in 1393 have been supported. Based on the cost of internal resources, cold and coated products have a comparative advantage with the value capital in bourse in 1390 and 1393 and the capital records in 1391 and 1393. All the products of Khuzestan steel with the value capital in bourse and the capital records have profitability and comparative advantage in 1391, while only slab Abstracts 3 in 1393 and all products in 1390 and 1392 they have comparative advantage only in the value capital records. warm products of Mobarakeh with the capital records have profitability and comparative advantage in 1391 and 1392. The Zobahan company have been without any comparative advantage and profitability in producing all products using all the two calculated methods in the four years.