The Impact of Economic Sanctions on Composition of Major Trade Partners of Iran (1992-2013)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 University of tabriz

2 university of tabriz


The main purpose of this study is to assess the impact of economic sanctions on composition of major trade partners of Iran (1992-2013). For this purpose, sanctions have been divided in to limited, moderate and extensive sanctions based on the scales provided by Hufbauer and compiled two dummy variables in the model, Then the impact of this dummy variables along with other variables in the model's share of trade with partners have estimated by Panel data analysis. The model structure this study consists of two stages. At first, the model was estimated for all foreign trade partners. The results showed that extensive economic sanctions not only in current period but also in post-sanctions period has reduced Iran’s trade share with the trading partners. Second, to analyze the sensitivity of the model estimation results, all selected countries were divided into two groups; declining trade with Iran, ascending trade with Iran countries by using Iranian trade share with them. The results showed that extensive economic sanctions not only in current period but also in post-sanction period have reduced Iran trade with the first group on the other hand the trade with second sub-group countries has reduced in the period of sanctions.


Main Subjects

  • اژدری، سرور؛ حسین زاده، مجتبی (1392)؛ " بررسی تحریم اقتصادی ایران با نگاهی به تجارت خارجی " ، کنفرانس بین المللی اقتصاد در شرایط تحریم، بابلسر، شرکت پژوهشی طرود شمال.
  • بقالیان، محبوبه؛ آماده، حمید؛ علیزاده، امیر خادم (1393)؛ "تأثیر تحریم­های اقتصادی بر سطح اشتغال در ایران " ، دومین کنفرانس بین المللی اقتصاد در شرایط تحریم، بابلسر، شرکت پژوهشی طرود شمال.
  • بهروزی فر، مرتضی (1383)؛ "اثر تحریم­های یک­جانبه آمریکا بر اقتصاد بازرگانی ایالات متحده و بازارهای جهانی انرژی " ، فصلنامه پژوهشنامه بازرگانی، شماره33، صص 239-195.
  • ضیائی بیگدلی، محمد تقی؛ غلامی، الهام ؛ طهماسبی بلداجی، فرهاد (1392)؛ "بررسی اثر تحریم­های اقتصادی بر تجارت ایران: کاربردی از مدل جاذبه" ، فصلنامه پژوهشنامه بازرگانی(رویکرد اسلامی- ایرانی)، سال سیزدهم، شماره48، صص119-109.
  • عزیز نژاد، صمد؛ سید نورانی، محمد رضا (1389)؛ "بررسی آثار تحریم بر اقتصاد ایران با تأکید بر تجارت خارجی " ، مجلس و پزوهش، سال شانزدهم، شماره61، صص 210-165.
  •   فدائی، مهدی؛ درخشان، مرتضی(1394)؛ "تحلیل اثرات کوتاه مدت و بلندمدت تحریم­های اقتصادی بر رشد اقتصادی در ایران " ، فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی، پژوهش های رشد و توسعه اقتصادی، سال پنجم، شماره18، صص 132-113.
  • گمرک جمهوری اسلامی ایران؛  "داده­های تجارت خارجی " ، سال­های مختلف
  • نهاوندیان، محمد؛ لطفی، محمد ؛ رهبر، فرهاد (1390)؛ "جابجایی شرکای تجاری به عنوان ابزاری برای کاهش پیامدهای منفی تحریم­های اقتصادی " ، پژوهش­های مدیریت منابع انسانی، دوره1، شماره4، صص181-159.


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