طراحی مدل سیستم های پویای تضاد دوگانه (مطالعه ی موردی: متخصصان پروژه های عمرانی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مدیریت، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

2 گروه مدیریت، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

3 گروه مدیریت صنعتی، واحد سمنان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سمنان ایران

4 گروه مدیریت، واحد شاهرود، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شاهرود، ایران

چکیده

تعارضات مداخله‌‌کننده‌ی شغلی و خانوادگی گرچه از گذشته وجود داشته است، اما امروز بسیار فراگیرتر و گسترده‌تر از گذشته شده است و این پژوهش تلاش دارد تا با طراحی مدل سیستم‌های پویای تضاد دوگانه، تضاد کار-خانواده و تضاد خانواده-کار در مورد متخصصان پروژه‌های عمرانی ابعاد تازه این موضوع را بررسی نماید. به منظور طراحی الگوی پیشنهاد براساس رویکرد پویا از نرم‌افزار ونسیم استفاده شده است. ابتدا براساس مبانی نظری و تئوریک مولفه‌های تأثیر‌گذار بر تضاد کار-خانواده و تضاد خانواده -کار شناسایی شد، سپس براساس معادله‌سازی بین متغیرهای شناسایی شده، مدل پویا تضاد کار-خانواده و تضاد خانواده-کار ارائه گردید. نتایج شبیه‌سازی نشان داد که متخصصان پروژه‌های عمرانی سطح بالایی از تضاد کار – خانواده را تجربه می‌کنند. همچنین مشخص گردید که بهبود در انعطاف‌پذیری شغلی و حمایت سازمانی می‌تواند تاثیر مثبتی بر رضایت و عملکرد متخصصان پروژه‌های عمرانی از جنبه‌ی کار و خانواده داشته باشد. به‌علاوه بهبود حمایت خانواده به‌طور بطور معناداری تنها سبب بهبود رضایت شغلی آنها می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Work-Family Conflict / Family-Work Conflict / Dynamic Systems Model

نویسندگان [English]

  • hasan valiyan 1
  • Alireza Koushki Jahromi 2
  • Mehran Orooyee 3
  • Masumeh Samadi 4
1 Department of management, Sari Islamic Azad university
2 Department of management, Allameh tabatabayee university
3 Department of Industrial Management, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran
4 Department of management, Shahrood Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood, Iran
چکیده [English]

The career and family interference conflicts have existed from the past, but today it has become more widespread than before, and this research attempts to design a model of dynamic systems of double contradictions, the work-family conflict, and the family-work dimensions for construction project professionals. In order to design a proposal based on the dynamic approach, Vensim software has been used. First, based on theoretical and theoretical foundations, the components that affect the  conflict between work-family and family-work conflict were identified. Then, based on the equation between identified variables, a dynamic model of work-family conflict and family-work conflict was presented. The simulation results showed that construction project professionals experience a high level of work-family conflict. It was also found that improvement in occupational flexibility and organizational
support can have a positive impact on the satisfaction and performance of construction project professionals from the point of view of work and family. In addition, improving family support significantly improves their job satisfaction.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Work-Family Conflict / Family-Work Conflict / Dynamic Systems Model

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