عنوان مقاله [English]
Business law is moving and improving very fast and in the meantime, companies, pursuing aims such as gaining profit or accessing a wider market, do things such as merge which in previous decades stabilized its position perfectly and in the dynamics of the economy, became wonderment. In each company, shareholders are the beating heart of the company and protecting shareholders means guarantee their further investments in other similar business activities. Companies performing some structural changes such as merger may bring losses for shareholders. These shareholders may as well not be interested in continuing their corporation with the merged company. In order to provide some protections which in fact are protecting the investment matter itself, we should find a solution to separate shareholders from the company, in a way that his share’s price counted and merged completely and fairly. In Iran’s law, there is no set up anticipated for such separation of these shareholders. So in the present paper, we look for a pattern and also a solution is U.S’s law which was a pioneer in this matter. Also we attempted to adapt the subject with Iran’s subjective law.